Extreme weather conditions become more prevalent around the world. As we all know combustion engines use fossil fuel, gas, or diesel for power. In return, they produce carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases that pollute the air severely. The climate urgently needs an aggressive action plan to reverse or even halt the adverse atmospheric changes. In today’s world, everyone is concerned about how to make the environment eco-friendly.
Pollution caused by conventional vehicles is not restricted to tailpipe emissions only. But extracting petroleum, refining it into fuel, and delivering it to gasoline stations also give rise to copious amounts of air pollution. Such emissions are known as upstream or well-to-wheel emissions. Although the car manufacturers have cut down the CO2 emissions greatly in the form of Hybrids. But the manufacturing process still has a negative impact on the environment.
Elevating fuel prices and greener, sustainable initiatives have led many companies to endorse the technology of electric vehicles in their fleet. Aside from environmental sustainability, fuel-efficient electric vehicles offer a cost-effective way to break the operating costs. Electric vehicles are powered entirely by rechargeable lithium-ion batteries rather than internal combustion engines or fuel tanks. Electrified cars appear to have promising environmental and societal impacts compared to traditional ones. Digesting the electrification process fully takes human interest and time because it’s not an overnight fix. So climate change is the major cause that gravitates Pakistan to take the initiative of manufacturing the cheapest electric cars loaded with versatile features.
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Pakistan’s First Locally Produced Electric Car Prototype
The joint efforts of Pakistani-American motor engineers, Dice Foundation, and local academia resulted in the launch of Pakistan’s first locally produced Nur-E-75 electric car on the 75th Independence day. The launch was held at Beach Luxury Hotel Karachi where the founder/CEO of Dice Foundation gifted the prototype to Pakistan on its Diamond Jubilee. According to the experts, it would be the game-changer that will significantly elevate Pakistan’s economy exponentially. The car will be launched in 2024 and will revolutionalize the automobile industry, as per the manufacturers.
Features of Nur-E-75, Electric car in Pakistan
The small electric car in Pakistan would thrill you with it’s aesthetics and performance. This car seats 5 people and has 5 doors with a battery size of 35kWh. The peak power output is 107 hp (80 kW) and the maximum torque is 200Nm. Surprisingly, it would give you a driving range of 210 km from a single charge with the air conditioning on. However, the actual range has not yet been tested. Moreover, you will have a rearview and folding side view camera, Bluetooth connectivity, leather seats, power windows, and more salient features.
The officials claim two charging modes, giving you the freedom to charge the car anytime, anywhere. With slow charging, the car is fully charged in 7-8 hours from a regular 220 V socket. On the contrary, a fast charge with a fast DC charger will fully charge the car in only 2 hours. Fast charging times have not yet been pre-measured. This car will be available in the market in the fourth quarter of 2024 which means we have to wait another 1.5 years for the environmentally friendly and affordable option.
The Initiative By Gov Of Pakistan
Undeniably, Pakistan has a massive market for hybrids such as Toyota’s Prius, Aqua, and Honda’s Vezel. But these hybrid vehicles are not being manufactured in Pakistan but are imported from Japan. On November 5, 2019, Pakistan’s Federal Cabinet permitted the very first national electric car in Pakistan policy to address the impacts of climate change and provide economical transportation.
At first, the Government will pay attention to transforming 30% of all conventional vehicles, including cars, bikes, and Rikshaw, into electrified vehicles by 2030. As per the commitment, One hundred thousand cars and five hundred thousand motorcycles will be transformed into electric vehicles over the next five years, and more than three thousand gasoline stations that have been facing the gas shortage will be reformed into electric vehicle charging stations.
In late 2019, an agreement called a Memorandum of Understanding was inked between Pakistan’s Minister of Science and Technology and the CEO of Airlift, in order to bring battery-powered buses into Pakistan’s community transit system. On July 8, 2021, Imran Khan the former Prime Minister partnered with Jolta Electric to start producing electric motorcycles. Acceptance of Pakistan’s Electric Vehicle Policy 2020–2025 has led to the manufacture of electric motorcycles.
The Early Pioneers of Electric Motors
Many would be shocked to know the fact that Electric Cars are not a new invention. It has been around for more than a century. The invention of this nascent technology is an interesting tale with many turns and twists.
History is uncertain as to who actually constructed the first electric car, but we do know that electric motors were in use since the early 1800s. The first known electric motor was developed by Anyos Jedlik in 1828. He crafted a small electric motor for a small model car that could move independently. From 1832 to 1839, a large electric motor by Robert Anderson (Scottish inventor) was used as motive power for horse-drawn carriages. Although these EVs didn’t quite catch on or gain widespread popularity, they certainly captured the imagination of others.
The Rise of Tesla Motors
Electric cars why are they better? Tesla Motors, the leading EV manufacturer defined the new era of the global auto industry back in 2003 under the charismatic captaincy of Elon Musk. The company unveiled its first generation sports car “Tesla Roadster” in 2008 which travels an estimated range of 313 miles or more on a single charge depending upon the configuration. Right after the transition to renewable energy with EVs, Tesla snagged the title of best and fastest electric cars manufacturers and Musk as the “Technoking of Tesla”.
After Roadster, the Mitsubishi i-MiEV followed fairly quickly in Japan. The evolution and spread of these vehicles, especially Tesla, marked the beginning of the EV era in modern times. Taking things further, Tesla revealed all of its patents on Electric vehicle technology in 2014. Elon Musk said we hope others will find ways to improve the technology. This only benefits the electric vehicle industry and the average customer.
Other electric cars like tesla. The major car companies soon began working on their own electric vehicles. Many have already produced hybrids and electric motors that are about to come. But importing electric cars to Pakistan isn’t the actual solution as it involves a huge cost.
In the coming years, we’ll see more electric cars on roads and seas because the EV landscape is changing speedily both as technology and personal interest. In the United States, the sales of electric cars with zero emissions have augmented by more than 40% annually since 2016. It is expected by 2035, the automobile industry will be fully electrified, offering a glimpse of both a green future and huge economic opportunities.
Additionally, for electric cars in Pakistan, there are far-reaching consequences. Such as adopting the new virtual procedures to reallocating the profit pools, there is still a lot to ponder. Maintenance personnel must be trained to safely and efficiently maintain high voltage powertrain and transmission systems. Meanwhile, the front-line staff is expected to successfully answer consumer queries in order to close the sale.
With the new buzz of an electric car in Pakistan comes a constant need for innovation in the electric automobile industry. Electric car manufacturers in Pakistan need a better infrastructure to meet consumer demand. Soon, the sight of electric cars on the road will be as common as passing traffic lights. But many automakers aren’t ready to surrender on gas yet. With the average driver getting used to and comfortable with conventional cars, many don’t want to lose their safety net. But the lure of cheap fuel attracts a lot of people, and that’s why hybrids sell so well. Especially with increased mileage, this revolutionizing vehicle should continue to gain popularity.